Artist Darren Hayman pays homage to Russian Space Dogs

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Strelka (Little Arrow). My fascination with Russian Space Dogs started with Belka and Strelka. They are the first earth born creatures to travel into space and return alive and as such I can’t understand why they aren’t more famous.

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Zvezdochka (Little Star) was named by Yuri Gagarin and flew in the final practice flight before his mission. Zvezdochka flew with a wooden dummy named Ivan Ivanovich, which was ejected during the capsule’s freefall back to Earth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

blog by Art & Music Magazine writer Simone Scott Warren, with artwork & image text by artist Darren Hayman

On the November 3rd 1957, Russia’s Sputnik 2, a shuttle the size of a small washing machine, launched into space with a solitary passenger. Her name was Kudryavka, although she became known as Laika, she had been plucked from the streets of Moscow, and catapulted into space.  She was facing a certain death.  Originally reported to have lived for around a week and having died painlessly in orbit, in truth she survived only a few hours after take off, overcome by fear and heat.  Laika was the first dog to orbit the earth.  In much the same way as the human astronauts they preceded, popular culture remembers very few of the names of those intrepid canine explorers.  But Darren Hayman knows each of them and has created 27 artworks, depicting all of those dogs Russia sent into space.

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Mishka. The later orbital flights had pressurised cabins but the earlier test flights did not. The very first space suits were designed for canines. Mishka lies with her helmet off, behind her is Tsyganka (Girl Gypsy).

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Malyshka (Little One) flew in three sub-orbital flights and survived them all. Smelaya (Bold One) was Malyshka’s first flight comrade who escaped only to be recaptured just before the flight

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Space travel is a familiar subject to the ex-Hefner frontman, who has previously written tracks such Alan Bean and a feature on music in space.  And he’s not the only musician who’s interest in the subject has led them to create depictions of these events. Paul Rains (Allo’ Darlin’/Hexicon), Sarah Lippett (Fever Dream), Duncan Barrett (Tigercats) and Robert Rotifer (Rotifer) have Hayman under the moniker of Vostok 5 and also made artworks and recordings for a new project.  [Vostok 5's exhibition 'Art and Music about People and Animals in Space' ran from 1 - 8 September 2011 at the Outside World Gallery in Shoreditch]. 

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs


Chernushka (Blackie) is being given a post flight checkup in 1961. I’m curious about the woman in this image. She appears constantly in the publicity of the time alongside the dogs.

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Ugolyok (Little Piece of Coal) & Verterok (Breeze) were the last dogs to fly & orbited the earth for 22 days in 1966. Humans didn’t beat their space flight endurance record until 1973 & their record still stands for dogs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs


Dezik and Tsygan (Gypsy) were the first dogs to be flown onboard a Russian sub-orbital rocket. Cryptically, they appear as different dogs in different photographs. I want to believe they are here alongside the trilby hatted Sergei Korolev, the soviet rocket designer. Dezik flew again with Lisa but perished when their parachutes failed. Tsygan was retired and lived a long life with scientist Anatoli Blagonravov.

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Krazavka (Little Beauty) had a hell of a mission with Damka in 1960. System failures occurred throughout. They eventually made it into orbit, but on descent their ejection seat device failed and they landed with their capsule set to a 60-hour self-destruct. When the frozen capsule was discovered there were no signs of life and the rescuers were unable to gain access. The next morning however, barks were heard and the dogs were freed, alive and well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Verterok (Breeze) was sent higher than any other man or animal had been sent before. The purpose of flying him (and Ugolyok) through the Van Allen belt was to learn about the effects of radiation.

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

When I first decided to draw dogs in space I was aware that this was in effect animal cruelty but images like this really bought it home. This is Tsyganka (Girl Gypsy) in one of the first sub orbital pressure suits.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs


Albina (Whitey) and Kozyavka (Gnat) were two of the most experienced sub-orbital dog cosmonauts. Albina flew three times and twice alongside Kozyavka. They survived all of their flights.

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Smelaya (Brave) was either brave or daft. She managed to run away the day before her flight but presumably got hungry and returned to make a later flight along side Malyshka.Find the original article by Simone Scott Warren here.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Zhuchka (Little Bug). Various different space suits were experimented with on early sub-orbital flights.

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Damka (Little Lady) and Kozyavka (Gnat) being loaded into their sub-orbital space rocket.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darran Hayman - Russian Space Dogs


Lisichka (Little Fox).
Had her mission succeeded Lisichka and her companion Bars (Panther) would have been the first dog into space and back alive. Unfortunately the rocket’s boosters exploded on the launch pad and she never left the ground.

Darran Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Laika (Barker) is the space dog that most people know about. World famous for being the first Earth creature in space, it is unclear exactly how and when she died on her flight. However, this was the only mission where no safe recovery was ever planned. Laika was always meant to be a martyr. This is her statue in Star City.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Verterok (Breeze) was given drugs on his flight to counteract the effects of weightlessness and radiation. His companion Ugolyok was not.

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Damka (Little Lady) and Kozyavka (Gnat) inside their sub-orbital test rocket. It is possible that Damka flew five times in total.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Linda flew in only one sub-orbital flight with Malyshka but survived: a short, safe, cosmonaut career.

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Rzjik (Ginger) waits patiently after a successful landing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darran Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

ZIB a Russian acronym for “Substitute for Missing Dog Bobik”. A stray that was found in haste to replace the errant Bobik

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Belyanka and Pestraya had short and uneventful cosmonaut careers, surviving their one sub-orbital flight.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Belka (Little Squirrel) was fighter. Apparently, throughout her mission she was restless, kept barking and tried to free herself of her straps. Who wouldn’t?

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Pushinka (Fluffy) never flew. She was one of Strelka’s puppies given to Caroline Kennedy, daughter of John F. Kennedy by Russian Premier Nikita Kruschev.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darren Hayman - Russian Space Dogs

Bobik (Big Bull) ran away a couple days before his scheduled flight, and did not return.

 

Find the original article by Simone Scott Warren here.

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